Mapping the Future of Biology - Evolving Concepts and Theories

von: Anouk Barberousse, Michel Morange, Thomas Pradeu

Springer-Verlag, 2009

ISBN: 9781402096365 , 173 Seiten

Format: PDF, OL

Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen

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Mapping the Future of Biology - Evolving Concepts and Theories


 

Foreword

6

Carving Nature at its Joints?

6

Contents

9

Contributors

11

Introduction

12

1.1 Molecular Biology Meets Evolutionary Biology: Challenges to Post- Mayrian Biology

12

1.2 Elaborating Key Concepts

18

1.3 Detailed Contents of this Book

22

Articulating Different Modes of Explanation: The Present Boundary in Biological Research

25

2.1 Introduction

25

2.2 Molecular Explanatory Models

26

2.3 Putting These Models Side by Side or Opposing Them is a Dead- End

28

2.4 The Difficulty of Interlinking Different Explanations

32

2.5 A Paradoxical Conclusion

34

Compromising Positions: The Minding of Matter

37

3.1 TheWord

37

3.2

38

Four Themes

38

3.3 Serving Two Masters: Minding Matter

46

3.4 Conclusion

53

Abstractions, Idealizations, and Evolutionary Biology

56

4.1 Introduction

56

4.2 Idealization and Abstraction

56

4.3 Successes and Pitfalls

60

4.4 The Informational Gene

62

The Adequacy of Model Systems for Evo-Devo: Modeling the Formation of Organisms/ Modeling the Formation of Society

65

5.1 Introduction

65

5.2 New Model Systems for Evo-Devo

68

5.3 Model Systems and the Assumptions of Developmental and Evolutionary Biology

74

Niche Construction in Evolution, Ecosystems and Developmental Biology

77

6.1 Introduction

77

6.2 Niche Construction

78

6.3 Earthworms

82

6.4 Other Examples

83

6.5 The Limitations of the Standard Theory

84

6.6 Extended Evolutionary Theory

87

6.7 Modelling Niche Construction

88

6.8 The Implications of Niche Construction for Ecology

89

6.9 A Simple Model of an Ecosystem

90

6.10 Ecosystems and Evolution Without Niche Construction

92

6.11 Ecosystems and Evolution with Niche Construction

93

6.12 EMGAs

95

6.13 Integrating Ecology and Evolution

95

6.14 Niche Construction and Developmental Biology

96

6.15 Gene Networks in Development and Ecosystems

98

Novelty, Plasticity and Niche Construction: The Influence of Phenotypic Variation on Evolution

100

7.1 Where Does Novelty Come From? A Hypothesis

100

7.2 Biased Variation and Evolution

102

7.3 Phenotypic Plasticity and its Significance

104

7.4 The Organism-Environment Developmental Loop

110

The Evolution of Complexity

117

8.1 The Arrow of Complexity Hypothesis

118

8.2 Replaying the Tape of Life

119

8.3 Complexity Growth by Passive Diffusion

121

8.4 The Evolution of Complexity in Artificial Life Models

123

8.5 Objections and Replies

128

8.6 Conclusions

136

Self-Organization, Self-Assembly, and the Origin of Life

137

9.1 Introduction

137

9.2 The Origin of Life in Four Acts

139

9.3 The Gospel of Inevitability

141

Self-Organization and Complexity in Evolutionary Theory, or, in this Life the Bread Always Falls Jammy Side Down

147

10.1 What is Life?

148

10.2 Organization

150

10.3 Is Natural Selection All-Powerful?

152

10.4 Constraints

154

10.5 Order for free

157

10.6 Conclusion

160

References

161

Index

176