Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology - Einstein's Legacy - Proceedings of the MPE/USM/MPA/ESO Joint Astronomy Conference Held in Munich, Germany, 7-11 November 2005

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology - Einstein's Legacy - Proceedings of the MPE/USM/MPA/ESO Joint Astronomy Conference Held in Munich, Germany, 7-11 November 2005

von: Bernd Aschenbach, Vadim Burwitz, Günther Hasinger, Bruno Leibundgut

Springer-Verlag, 2007

ISBN: 9783540747130 , 506 Seiten

Format: PDF

Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen

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Preis: 142,79 EUR

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Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology - Einstein's Legacy - Proceedings of the MPE/USM/MPA/ESO Joint Astronomy Conference Held in Munich, Germany, 7-11 November 2005


 

Preface

5

Contents

8

List of Participants

17

Scientific Advisory Comittee

30

Local Organizing Comittee

30

Invited Speakers

30

Cosmology

32

Structure Formation in a Variable Dark Energy Model and Observational Constraints

33

1 Introduction

33

2 Structure Formation in the Variable Dark Energy Model

34

3 Observational Constraints on the Dark Energy Model

35

4 Conclusions

37

References

37

Effect of the Rotation of the Universe on the Energy Levels of Hydrogen Atoms

38

1 Shell Model and Spin-Spin Interaction

38

2 G AE odel Universe and Lamb Shift of Hydrogen

39

3 Discussion

40

References

40

Modified Chaplygin Gas and Accelerated Universe

41

1 Introduction

41

2 Modified Chaplygin Gas in FRWModel

42

3 The Role of StateFinder Parameters in FRW Universe

43

4 Discussions

45

References

45

Spherically Symmetric, Static Spacetimes in a Tensor- Vector- Scalar Theory

46

1 Introduction

46

2 The Basic Equations of TeVeS

47

3 Spherical Symmetric, Static Spacetimes

47

4 Analytic Solution when Ur Vanishes

49

5 Conclusions

50

References

50

Type Ia Supernovae and Cosmology

51

1 Introduction

51

2 Modeling type Ia supernovae

52

3 Some simulation results

53

4 Predictions for observable quantities

54

5 Summary and conclusions

56

References

57

Path and Path Deviation Equations in Kaluza-Klein Type Theories: A Brief Introduction*

59

1 The Bazanski Approach in 5D

59

2 Rotation in 5D

60

References

61

Studying Dark Energy with Galaxy Clusters

62

1 Introduction

62

2 Self Calibration in Cluster Surveys

63

3 Dark Energy Constraints from Upcoming Surveys: An Example

65

4 Final Comments

67

References

67

Astrophysical Tests of Fundamental Physics

68

References

72

Slow-roll Corrections to Inflation Fluctuations on a Brane

73

1 Introduction and Motivation

73

2 Summary and Discussions

74

References

75

Statistical Mechanics of the SDSS Galaxy Distribution

76

1 Introduction

76

2 Theoretical Models

76

3 Comparison with Observation

77

References

79

The Second-Order Cosmological Perturbation and the Large Scale Structure Formation

80

1 Introduction

80

2 Equations

81

3 Correspondence

81

4 Summary

82

Supermassive Black Holes in Galaxies

83

1 Introduction

83

2 Analysis of the NGC 4486a Data

84

3 Outlook

85

References

85

Lagrangian Description for the Cosmic Fluid

86

1 Linear Perturbation

86

2 Higher-Order Approximation

86

3 The Validity of Lagrangian Description

87

4 Future Prospect

87

References

88

MachÌs Principle and a Variable Speed of Light

89

1 Riddles in Gravitational Physics

89

2 MachÌs Principle

90

3 SciamaÌs Version of MachÌs Principle.

90

4 Einstein and a Variable c.

90

5 The Equivalence Principle

91

6 c as a Function of the Mass Distribution in the Universe

91

7 Visible Matter and Flatness

92

8 Outlook

92

References

93

A Century of Cosmology

94

1 Introduction

94

2 Einstein and .

94

3 Big Bang vs. Steady State

95

4 Discovery and Non-discovery of the CMB

96

5 Nucleosynthesis

97

6 CMB Anisotropy

97

7 Supernovae

99

8 Search for Two Numbers

99

9 Discussion

101

References

101

Gravity

103

The Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background from Cold Dark Matter Halos

104

1 The Hybrid Approximation and the Most-Probable Halo

104

2 Results and Conclusions

105

References

106

GravitationalWave from Realistic Stellar Collapse : Odd Parity Perturbation

108

1 Introduction

108

2 Set Up and Numerical Result

108

3 Conclusion

110

References

110

Finding the Electromagnetic Counterparts of Standard Sirens

111

1 Introduction

111

2 The GW Error Volume

112

3 Search for Quasar Counterparts

113

4 Conclusions

114

References

115

Strong-Field Tests of Gravity with the Double Pulsar

116

1 Introduction

116

2 Strong-Field Tests with the Double Pulsar

117

3 Further and Future Measurements

119

4 Summary & conclusions

119

References

119

The Relativistic Time Delay of the Pulsar Radiation in the Non- Stationary Gravitational Field of the Globular Clusters

121

References

123

Relativistic Bose-Einstein Condensation Model for Dark Matter and Dark Energy

124

1 Introduction

124

2 BEC in the Universe

125

3 Observational Constraints

126

4 Conclusions

126

References

126

Equilibrium Configurations of Degenerate Fermionic Dark Matter and the Black Hole Mass Hierarchy

127

1 Introduction

127

2 Structures Formed by Degenerate Fermions

127

3 Flat-top Structures at the Centre of A1689 Ò Hybrid State Equation Ò

128

References

129

Hardening in a Stellar Time-Evolving Background: Prospects for LISA

130

1 Introduction

130

2 Star-Binary Interactions

131

3 Conclusions

133

References

134

GravitationalWaves for Odd Parity from a Collapsing Dust Ball

135

1 Introduction

135

2 Basic Equations

135

3 Conclusion and Discussion

137

References

137

Black Holes

138

The Supermassive Black-Hole Mass Estimation in the Sy1.9 Galaxy SBS 0748+ 499

139

1 Introduction

139

2 Discussion

141

References

141

Accretion of StellarWinds in the Galactic Centre

143

1 Introduction

143

2 Method and Initial Conditions

144

3 Results

144

4 Conclusions

146

References

147

Winds Driven by Line Opacity near Neutron Stars and Black Holes

148

1 Introduction

148

2 Gravitationally Exposed Flow

150

3 Discussion

150

References

151

Inspiral of Double Black Holes in Gaseous Nuclear Disks

153

1 Introduction

153

2 The Simulations

154

3 Conclusion

155

References

155

The Cosmogony of Super-Massive Black Holes

157

1 Introduction and Motivation

157

2 Black Hole Formation and Growth in Galactic Centers

157

3 Evolution of Self-Gravitating Accretion Disks and the Growth of Black Hole Masses

158

4 Discussion and Outlook

160

References

161

The Flare Activity of Sagittarius A*

162

1 Introduction

162

2 NIR/X-Ray Correlation

163

3 NIR Polarization Measurements

164

References

165

Mass Function of Remnant Black Holes in Nearby Galaxies

166

1 Overview

166

2 Previous results

166

3 Our sample

167

4 Preliminary results

167

References

168

Tidal Capture by a Black Hole and Flares in Galactic Centres

169

1 Introduction

169

2 Flares from a tidal disruption of a Solar type star by a 106M black hole

169

3 The time scale puzzle of flares in Sagittarius A* and tidal disruption and infall of a comet or asteroid

170

References

171

Low-Rate Accretion onto Isolated Stellar-Mass Black Holes

172

References

175

Clumps of material orbiting a black hole and the QPOs

177

1 Succesive passages of an asteroid about a black hole

177

2 Conclusions

178

References

179

Multi-Scale Simulations of Merging Galaxies with Supermassive Black Holes

180

1 Introduction

180

2 The Numerical Simulations

181

3 Gas Inflows and the Structure of the Nuclear Disks

182

4 Sinking SMBHs

183

5 Conclusions

183

References

184

The Parallel Lives of Supermassive Black Holes and their Host Galaxies

186

1 Introduction

186

2 SMBH as Tracers of Galaxy Evolution

188

3 Conclusions

190

References

190

The Polarization Properties of Sgr A* at Submillimeter Wavelengths

191

1 Introduction

191

2 The Submillimeter Array (SMA)

192

3 Observations and Results

194

4 Discussion

195

5 Future Observations

196

References

196

Highlights of XMM-Newton Observations of Black Holes

198

1 Introduction

198

2 Birth of Black Holes

199

3 The Growing of Black Holes

199

4 Close to the Event-Horizon: Mass and Spin

199

5 Resum • e

201

References

201

Evolution of Supermassive Black Holes

202

1 Introduction

202

2 Sowing the Seeds of Black Holes

203

3 Spinning Top Toys and Yo-Yos

205

4 Playing Pools with Black Holes

207

5 Conclusions

208

References

208

Active Galactic Nuclei

211

AGN and XRB Variability: Propagating-Fluctuation Models

212

1 Introduction

212

2 Observed X-ray Timing Properties

212

3 Fluctuating Accretion Models

213

4 Fits to Real Data

214

References

215

The Source of Variable Optical Emission is Localized in the Jet of the Radio Galaxy 3C 390.3

216

1 The Link between Variable Radio Emission of the Jet and Optical Continuum Emission

216

2 The Central Sub-Pc-Scale Region in 3C 390.3

217

References

218

XMM-Newton RGS Spectra in Type 2 Seyfert Galaxies

219

First Results from the Extended Chandra Deep Field- South ( E- CDF- S) Survey

222

Pointers to the Refereed Scientific Literature

222

References

223

The Optical and X-ray Properties of AGN in COSMOS

224

1 The XMM-COSMOS Survey

224

2 Multicolor Properties of hard X-ray Sources

224

3 X-ray Spectral Properties

226

References

228

Relativistic Iron Lines at High Redshifts

229

1 Introduction

229

2 Stacking in XMMÒ

231

and

231

Deep Fields

231

3 Searching for Broad Lines in Deep Fields

231

4 Conclusions

233

References

233

An Explanation for the Soft X-Ray Excess in Active Galactic Nuclei

234

1 Introduction

234

2 Data & Analysis

235

3 Results & Discussion

236

References

238

Extended Inverse-Compton Emission from Distant, Powerful Radio Galaxies

239

1 Introduction

239

2 3C 432

239

3 3C 191

240

References

240

The Most Distant Radio Quasar as seen with the Highest Resolution

242

1 Introduction

242

2 Observations

242

3 Results and discussion

243

References

244

Investigating Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 with X-Ray Spectral Complexity

245

1 The high-energy spectral complexity in narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies

245

2 Sample definition

246

3 Results

246

References

247

A Survey of Gaussian Flares in AGN

248

1 Description of the study and motivation

248

2 Results

248

References

250

A Simple Model for Quasar Density Evolution

251

1 Introduction

251

2 Outline of the model

251

3 Results

252

References

253

The Dispersion of the MIR Ò Hard X-ray Correlation in AGN

254

1 Introduction

254

2 Our project and data

255

3 Conclusion

256

References

256

Gamma-Ray Probe of the QSOÌs Obscured Evolution

257

1 Obscured AGNs

257

2 Conclusions

259

References

259

Optical Observations of SBS1520+530 at TUG

260

1 Introduction

260

2 Observations and photometry

261

3 Results

262

References

262

Less is More? Are Radiogalaxies Below the Fanaroff- Riley Break More Polarised on Pc-Scales?

263

1 Introduction

263

2 Observations and Results

263

3 Conclusions

265

References

265

Relativistic Effects on the Observed AGN Luminosity Distribution and Spectral Shape of Seyfert Galaxies

266

1 Introduction

266

2 AGN Luminosity Distribution with Relativistic Corrections

266

3 X-Ray Spectra from Seyfert I and Seyfert II AGNs with Relativistic Corrections

267

4 Conclusion and Discussion

268

References

268

Nuclear Activity in Galaxies driven by Binary Supermassive Black Holes

269

1 Binary Black Holes and Nuclear Activity in Galaxies

269

2 Conclusion

272

References

273

Extragalactic Photon Background above GeV Energies: High Peaked BL Lacertae Objects or Dark Matter?

274

1 Introduction

274

2 Blazars detected with imaging air Cherenkov Telescopes

275

3 Gamma Rays due to annihilating SUSY Dark Matter

277

4 Comparison of astrophysical and combined EGRB Models

279

References

280

Resolving the Dust Tori in AGN with the VLT Interferometer

281

1 Dust Tori in AGN: what do we expect ?

281

2 The Seyfert II Case: Resolving the Torus

282

3 A Special Case: the Radio Galaxy Centaurus A

284

4 First Conclusions

285

References

286

Iron K Lines of AGN in the XÒRay Background

288

1 XÒRay Deep Field Observations of the Lockman Hole

288

2 Model of the Iron K Line Features

288

3 Conclusions

290

References

290

Black Hole Mass and Growth Rate and Metal Enrichment at Low and High Redshift

291

1 Introduction

291

2 Mass Accretion Rate and Metallicity at High Redshift

292

3 Mass Accretion Rate and Metallicity at Low Redshift

292

Log

293

N V/ C IV

293

4 Growth Time of Massive Black Holes and Time Dependent Metallicity

295

5 Conclusions

297

References

297

Is the Light Bending Effect atWork in the Core of NGC 4051?

299

References

301

Jet Activity in Supermassive Binary Black Holes

303

1 Introduction

303

2 Periodic Variability in Close SBBHs

303

3 Jet Activity and Evolution of SBBHs

305

References

305

Statistics of Local Hard X-Ray Selected AGN: Contribution of Obscured Accretion Onto Supermassive Black Holes

306

1 Introduction

306

2 RXTE Slew Survey (XSS) at 3Ò20 keV

306

3 INTEGRAL All-Sky Survey above 20 keV

307

4 Conclusion

307

References

309

3D-Models of Clumpy Tori in Seyfert Galaxies

310

1 Introduction

310

2 Our Model

310

3 Dust: Mass Study

311

4 Conclusions

312

References

312

Clusters of Galaxies

314

Cosmological Tests with Galaxy Clusters

315

1 Introduction

315

2 Cosmological Tests with the Abundance and Spatial Distribution of Clusters

316

3 Complementarity to other Cosmological Tests and Conclusions

318

References

319

Supermassive Black Holes in Elliptical Galaxies: Switching from Very Bright to Very Dim

321

1 Introduction

321

2 Black Hole Energy Release in X-ray Binaries and AGNs

322

3 Conclusions

325

References

325

Metal Enrichment of the ICM due to Ram-Pressure Stripping of Cluster Galaxies

326

1 Introduction

326

2 Numerical Method

326

3 Results

328

References

328

Radio Bubbles in Clusters: Relativistic Particle Content

329

1 Introduction

329

2 ParticleEnergies

329

3 Jet Matter Content

330

4 Conclusions

331

References

331

The XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project

333

1 Introduction

333

2 The XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project

333

References

335

Tracing the MassÒAssembly History of Galaxies with Deep Surveys

336

1 Introduction

336

2 Connecting Star Formation and Stellar Mass

336

3 The Build-up of the Most Massive Galaxies

337

References

338

Outbursts from Supermassive Black Holes and their Impacts on the Hot Gas in Early- Type Galaxies, Groups and Clusters

340

1 Hot Gas in Early Type Galaxies, Groups, and Clusters

340

2 M87 - A CANONICAL CLUSTER COOLING CORE

341

3 Hot Gas in Early Type Galaxies, Groups, and Clusters

344

4 Conclusion

344

References

345

Tracing Gas Motions in the Centaurus Cluster

346

1 Introduction

346

2 Model

346

3 Results

346

4 Turbulent Heating

348

References

348

Simulations of GalacticWinds and Starbursts in Galaxy Clusters

349

1 Introduction

349

2 Numerical methods

349

3 Summary and Conclusions

351

References

351

The ARCRAIDER Project: A Unique Sample of X-Ray Bright, Massive Gravitational Lensing Galaxy Clusters

352

1 Introduction

352

2 Optical Observations of Z3146

352

3 Lensing Analysis

353

4 X-ray Analysis

354

5 Conclusions

355

References

355

APEX-SZ: A Sunyaev-ZelÌdovich Galaxy Cluster Survey

357

1 Motivation for SZ cluster surveys

357

2 An SZ receiver for the APEX telescope

357

3 Expected galaxy cluster sample

358

4 Scientific goals of the APEX-SZ survey

358

5 First light observations

358

6 Conclusions

359

References

359

Detecting Virialization Shocks Around Galaxy Clusters Through the SZ Effect

360

1 Overview

360

2 Cluster profiles

360

3 Significance of detecting shocks

361

4 Parameter estimation

361

References

362

Numerical Simulations of Metal Enrichment and Mergers in Clusters of Galaxies

363

1 Introduction

363

2 The Simulations

363

3 Tracing Gas in Cluster Mergers

364

4 Metal Enrichment of the Intra-Cluster Medium

364

References

365

Turbulence in Galaxy Clusters: Impact on the Abundance Profiles

366

1 Introduction

366

2 The Model

366

3 Results

368

References

369

Studying the Nature of Dark Energy with Galaxy Clusters

370

1 Introduction

370

2 Local Cluster Sample

370

3 Distant Cluster Sample

372

References

373

Hydrodynamical Simulations of Cluster Formation with Central AGN Heating

375

1 Method

375

2 AGN Heating in Isolated Halos

375

3 AGN Feedback in Cosmological Simulations

377

4 Conclusions

377

References

378

Metal Enrichment Processes in the Intra-Cluster Medium

379

1 Introduction

379

2 Numerical Method

380

3 Results

380

4 Outlook

382

References

382

Ultraviolet-Bright, High-Redshift ULIRGS

384

1 Introduction

384

2 Observations and Analysis

385

3 Ultraviolet-Bright ULIRGs

385

References

388

Gamma Ray Bursts

389

The Correlation between .F. Peak Energy and radiated Energy in GammaÒ Ray Bursts

390

1 Introduction

390

2 TheE

391

Ò E

391

correlation: observations

391

3 Main implications of the E

392

Ò E

392

correlation

392

References

395

Particle Acceleration and Radiative Losses at Relativistic Shocks

396

1 Background and Methods

396

2 Results

397

References

398

The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission: First Results

400

1 INTRODUCTION

400

2 SWIFT HIGHLIGHTS

401

3 CONCLUSIONS

407

References

407

The Afterglow of the Gamma-Ray Burst 050502a: First Case of an Early (< 1 hr) MultiÒ Colour Detection

409

1 Introduction

409

2 GRB 050502a: first early multi-colour light curve

410

References

411

Kinetic Plasma Simulations of GRB Fireball Collisions: Synchrotron Features

413

GRB polarimetry: Constraints on fireball models

413

Turbulent magnetic fields and synchrotron emission

413

References

415

Relativistic Jet Propagation in the Progenitor of GRBs

416

1 Introduction

416

2 Model and Numerical Method

416

3 Results and Discussion

417

4 Summary

418

References

418

Gravitational Collapse and Neutrino Emission of Population III Massive Stars

419

1 Introduction

419

2 Models and Methods

420

3 Gravitational Collapse of Pop III Massive Stars

420

4 Relic Neutrino from Pop III Massive Stars

420

5 Conclusions

422

References

423

Theoretical Interpretation of GRB 031203 and URCA-3

424

1 Luminosity and Spectral Properties.

424

2 The GRB 031203/Sn2003lw/URCA-3 Connection.

425

References

426

Baryonic Loading and e+ e- Rate Equation in GRB Sources

427

1 Introduction

427

2 Contrasts in the Dynamical Description of the Expanding Plasma

428

3 Conclusions

428

References

430

Gamma-ray Bursts from X-ray Binaries

432

1 Introduction

432

2 Magnetization of LMXBs

432

3 Generation of Differential Rotation

433

4 Open Issues

434

References

434

X-ray Binaries and Jets

436

Accretion and Relativistic Jets in Galactic Microquasars

437

1 Introduction

437

2 Source States in a Nutshell

437

3 Time Variability as a Tracer

438

4 Conclusions: Noisy Accretion and Ejection

440

References

441

Spectral and Variability Properties of LS 5039 from Radio to very High- Energy Gamma- Rays

442

1 Introduction

442

2 A Cold Matter Dominated Jet Model applied to LS 5039

442

References

443

30 Years Blandford-Znajek Process Ò Are Black Hole Jets Driven by the Ergosphere ?

446

1 The Two Hairs of Black Holes

446

2 Black Hole Magnetospheres

449

3 TimeÒDependent GRMHD and Jet Outflows

449

References

450

Radiative Acceleration and Collimation of Jets from TCAF Discs

452

1 Introduction

452

2 Model Assumptions and Results

452

3 Conclusion

454

References

454

Relativistic Jets in Active Galactic Nuclei: Importance of Magnetic Fields

455

1 Power of the Jets Launching

455

2 Efficiency of the Jet Launching

457

3 Conclusions

457

References

457

String Mechanism for Relativistic Jet Formation

458

References

460

Shock Location in Funnel Flows onto Magnetized Neutron Stars

461

References

464

General Relativistic Simulation of Jet Formation in Kerr Black Hole Magnetosphere

465

1 Introduction

465

2 Results

466

3 Conclusion

468

References

468

Radio Jets as Decelerating Relativistic Flows

469

References

471

Extragalactic Relativistic Jets and Nuclear Regions in Galaxies

473

1 Introduction

473

2 Anatomy of Jets

474

3 Jets and Nuclear Regions in AGN

475

4 Conclusion

476

References

476

Modeling the Relativistic Jets in SS 433 Using Chandra X- ray Spectroscopy

478

1 Introduction

478

2 Observations

481

3 Preliminary Results

481

4 FurtherWork

482

References

482

General Relativistic MHD Simulations of Relativistic Jets from a Rotating Black Hole Magnetosphere

483

1 Simulations

483

2 Results

484

3 Summary and Discussion

484

References

485

Particle Acceleration, Magnetic Field Generation, and Emission in Relativistic Pair Jets withWeibel Instability

486

1 Simulations

486

2 Summary and Discussion

488

References

488

Analytical and Numerical Studies of Fluid Instabilities in Relativistic Jets

489

1 Introduction

489

2 Numerical Simulations

490

References

491

Forced Oscillations in Relativistic Accretion Disks and QPOs

492

1 Introduction

492

2 Hydrodynamical Disk [3]

492

3 Slow vs Fast Rotator

493

4 Conclusion

494

References

494

QPOs: EinsteinÌs Gravity Non-Linear Resonances

495

1 Introduction

495

2 QPOs and General Relativity

495

3 Klu • zniak-Abramowicz Resonance Model

496

4 Conclusions

498

References

498

Cosmic-Ray Acceleration and Viscosity

501

1 Introduction

501

2 Cosmic-Ray Acceleration in Shear Flows

501

3 Cosmic-Ray Viscosity

502

References

503

Gamma-Ray Emission from Microquasars: Leptonic vs. Hadronic Models

504

1 Introduction

504

2 A Leptonic Model for Microquasars

505

3 A Hadronic Model for Microquasars

505

4 Discussion

506

References

506

Magnetized Supernovae and Pulsar Recoils

507

1 Introduction

507

2 Models

507

3 Results

508

4 Discussion and Conclusion

508

5 Acknowledgments

508

References

510

Jet Deceleration: the Case of PKS 1136-135

511

1 Introduction

511

2 Modelling Deceleration

511

3 Discussion

513

References

513

Some Conclusions on The Magnetic Fields of Neutron Stars in Atoll and Z Sources

514

1 Introduction

514

References

516

Conference Summary

517

EinsteinÌs Legacy: a Summary

518

Author Index

523