Digital Terrain Modelling - Development and Applications in a Policy Support Environment

Digital Terrain Modelling - Development and Applications in a Policy Support Environment

von: Robert Joseph Peckham, Gyozo Jordan

Springer-Verlag, 2007

ISBN: 9783540367314 , 313 Seiten

2. Auflage

Format: PDF

Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen

Windows PC,Mac OSX Apple iPad, Android Tablet PC's

Preis: 192,59 EUR

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Mehr zum Inhalt

Digital Terrain Modelling - Development and Applications in a Policy Support Environment


 

Preface

5

Contents

8

Digital Terrain Analysis in a GIS Environment. Concepts and Development

17

1. Introduction

17

2. Digital Terrain Analysis in a GIS Environment

18

3. Mathematical Development

20

4. Numerical Methods

37

5. Conclusions

54

References

55

From Mathematical Morphology to Morphological Terrain Features

60

1. Introduction

60

2. First Steps in Mathematical Morphology

61

3. From Topographic Maps to DEMs

65

4. From DEMs to River Networks

67

5. Dividing Lines

74

6. Concluding Remarks

77

References

78

Optimisation of Interpolation Parameters Using Cross- validation

82

1. Introduction

82

2. Interpolation by Regularised Spline with Tension

83

3. The RST Control Parameters

85

4. Evaluation of Interpolation Accuracy

86

5. Application to Digital Terrain Modelling

88

6. Results and Discussion

90

7. Conclusions

94

Acknowledgement

95

References

96

Scale-Dependent Effect of Input Data Design on DEMAccuracy

98

1 Introduction

98

2 Study Area

101

3 Methodology

102

4 Results

104

5 Discussion

107

6 Conclusions

108

References

112

SRTM as a Possible Source of Elevation Information for Soil- landscape Modelling

114

1. Introduction

114

2. Gaps and Noise in SRTM Data

115

3. Digital Surface Model vs. Digital Elevation Model

116

4. Materials and Methods

118

5. Results and Discussion

122

6. Case Study

126

7. Two Possible SRTM Processing Workflows

130

8. Conclusions

131

Acknowledgements

132

References

133

Referenced Web Sites

134

Appendix

134

Development of a pan-European River and Catchment Database

136

1. Introduction

136

2. Study Area

138

3. Input Data

139

4. Methodology

142

6. Additional Features

152

7. Conclusions and Outlook

155

References

156

Referenced Web Sites

159

Decision Supporting Hydrological Model for River Basin Flood Control

160

1. Introduction

160

2. The DIWA Model

162

3. Application of the DIWA Model in the Upper Part of the Tisza River Basin

178

4. Conclusions

193

Acknowledgments

195

References

195

Potential Flood Hazard and Risk Mapping at Pan- European Scale

198

1. Introduction

198

2. Flood Hazard Mapping Using DEM

200

3. Methodology

201

4. Potential Flood Hazard Maps of Europe

206

5. Validation of the Flood Hazard Map

209

6. From Regional Flood Hazard to Regional Flood Risk

211

7. A Flood Risk Map of Europe

214

8. Conclusions

215

Acknowledgements

215

References

215

Referenced Web Sites

216

High-Resolution DEM for Design of Flood Emergency Reservoirs

218

1. Introduction

218

2. Materials and Methods

223

3. The Digital Elevation Model of the Reservoir

228

4. Application of DEM to Flood Mitigation Plans

232

5. Conclusion

237

Acknowledgements

239

References

239

Referenced Web Sites

241

A Quantitative Procedure for Building Physiographic Units for the European SOTER Database

242

1. Introduction

242

2. Materials and Methods

245

3. Results and Discussion

261

4. Conclusions

269

Acknowledgement

270

References

270

Referenced Web Sites

271

Appendix

272

Solar Resource Modelling for Energy Applications

274

1. Introduction

274

2. Solar Radiation Modelling

275

3. Spatially Distributed Solar Databases

276

4. Solar Radiation Model r.sun and Terrain Parameters

278

5. PVGIS: Application of solar Radiation Model in an Assessment of Photovoltaic Power generation

282

6. Conclusions

284

Acknowledgement

285

References

285

Referenced Web Sites

287

GRASS and R - Advanced GIS and Statistical Tools forDEM Analysis

289

1 Introduction

289

2 Case Study

290

3 Conclusions

295

References

296

Calculation of Potential Drainage Density Index ( PDD)

297

1. Introduction

297

2. Derivation of the PDD Layer

299

References

304

Appendix: An Arc/Info® AML file to derive a PDD layer from a filled DEM

304

About the Authors

310

Index

320