Ideas, Evidence, and Method: Humes Skepticism and Naturalism concerning Knowledge and Causation

Ideas, Evidence, and Method: Humes Skepticism and Naturalism concerning Knowledge and Causation

von: Graciela De Pierris

OUP Oxford, 2015

ISBN: 9780191057663

Format: ePUB

Kopierschutz: DRM

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Preis: 57,00 EUR

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Ideas, Evidence, and Method: Humes Skepticism and Naturalism concerning Knowledge and Causation


 

Graciela De Pierris presents a novel interpretation of the relationship between skepticism and naturalism in Humes epistemology, and a new appraisal of Humes place within early modern thought. Whereas a dominant trend in recent Hume scholarship maintains that there are no skeptical arguments concerning causation and induction in Book I, Part III of the Treatise, Graciela De Pierris presents a detailed reading of the skeptical argument she finds there andhow this argument initiates a train of skeptical reasoning that begins in Part III and culminates in Part IV. This reasoning is framed by Humes version of the modern theory of ideas developed by Descartes and Locke. The skeptical implications of this theory, however, do not arise, as in traditionalinterpretations of Humes skepticism, from the veil of perception. They arise from Humes elaboration of a presentational-phenomenological model of ultimate evidence, according to which there is always a justificatory gap between what is or has been immediately presented to the mind and any ideas that go beyond it. This happens, paradigmatically, in the causal-inductive inference, and, as De Pierris argues, in demonstrative inference as well. Yet, in spite of his firm commitment to radicalskepticism, Hume also accepts the naturalistic standpoint of science and common life, and he does so, on the novel interpretation presented here, because of an equally firm commitment to Newtonian science in general and the Newtonian inductive method in particular. Hume defends the Newtonian method(against the mechanical philosophy) while simultaneously rejecting all attempts (including those of the Newtonians) to find a place for the supernatural within our understanding of nature.